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What do Geneticists do?

Research and study the inheritance of traits at the molecular, organism or population level. May evaluate or treat patients with genetic disorders.

What are the Main Tasks of Geneticists?

  • Maintain laboratory notebooks that record research methods, procedures, and results.
  • Review, approve, or interpret genetic laboratory results.
  • Plan or conduct basic genomic and biological research related to areas such as regulation of gene expression, protein interactions, metabolic networks, and nucleic acid or protein complexes.
  • Search scientific literature to select and modify methods and procedures most appropriate for genetic research goals.
  • Write grants and papers or attend fundraising events to seek research funds.
  • Evaluate genetic data by performing appropriate mathematical or statistical calculations and analyses.
  • Extract deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or perform diagnostic tests involving processes such as gel electrophoresis, Southern blot analysis, and polymerase chain reaction analysis.
  • Prepare results of experimental findings for presentation at professional conferences or in scientific journals.
  • Attend clinical and research conferences and read scientific literature to keep abreast of technological advances and current genetic research findings.
  • Supervise or direct the work of other geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects.
  • Analyze determinants responsible for specific inherited traits, and devise methods for altering traits or producing new traits.
  • Design and maintain genetics computer databases.
  • Design sampling plans or coordinate the field collection of samples such as tissue specimens.
  • Verify that cytogenetic, molecular genetic, and related equipment and instrumentation is maintained in working condition to ensure accuracy and quality of experimental results.
  • Collaborate with biologists and other professionals to conduct appropriate genetic and biochemical analyses.
  • Maintain laboratory safety programs and train personnel in laboratory safety techniques.
  • Create or use statistical models for the analysis of genetic data.
  • Develop protocols to improve existing genetic techniques or to incorporate new diagnostic procedures.
  • Confer with information technology specialists to develop computer applications for genetic data analysis.
  • Evaluate, diagnose, or treat genetic diseases.
  • Conduct family medical studies to evaluate the genetic basis for traits or diseases.
  • Instruct medical students, graduate students, or others in methods or procedures for diagnosis and management of genetic disorders.
  • Plan curatorial programs for species collections that include acquisition, distribution, maintenance, or regeneration.
  • Participate in the development of endangered species breeding programs or species survival plans.
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