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What do Anesthesiologists do?

Physicians who administer anesthetics prior to, during, or after surgery or other medical procedures.

What are the Main Tasks of Anesthesiologists?

  • Administer anesthetic or sedation during medical procedures, using local, intravenous, spinal, or caudal methods.
  • Monitor patient before, during, and after anesthesia and counteract adverse reactions or complications.
  • Provide and maintain life support and airway management and help prepare patients for emergency surgery.
  • Record type and amount of anesthesia and patient condition throughout procedure.
  • Examine patient, obtain medical history, and use diagnostic tests to determine risk during surgical, obstetrical, and other medical procedures.
  • Position patient on operating table to maximize patient comfort and surgical accessibility.
  • Decide when patients have recovered or stabilized enough to be sent to another room or ward or to be sent home following outpatient surgery.
  • Coordinate administration of anesthetics with surgeons during operation.
  • Confer with other medical professionals to determine type and method of anesthetic or sedation to render patient insensible to pain.
  • Coordinate and direct work of nurses, medical technicians, and other health care providers.
  • Order laboratory tests, x-rays, and other diagnostic procedures.
  • Diagnose illnesses, using examinations, tests, and reports.
  • Manage anesthesiological services, coordinating them with other medical activities and formulating plans and procedures.
  • Provide medical care and consultation in many settings, prescribing medication and treatment and referring patients for surgery.
  • Inform students and staff of types and methods of anesthesia administration, signs of complications, and emergency methods to counteract reactions.
  • Schedule and maintain use of surgical suite, including operating, wash-up, waiting rooms, and anesthetic and sterilizing equipment.
  • Instruct individuals and groups on ways to preserve health and prevent disease.
  • Conduct medical research to aid in controlling and curing disease, to investigate new medications, and to develop and test new medical techniques.
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