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What do Allergists and Immunologists do?

Diagnose, treat, and help prevent allergic diseases and disease processes affecting the immune system.

What are the Main Tasks of Allergists and Immunologists?

  • Diagnose or treat allergic or immunologic conditions.
  • Perform allergen provocation tests such as nasal, conjunctival, bronchial, oral, food, and medication challenges.
  • Provide therapies, such as allergen immunotherapy and immunoglobin therapy, to treat immune conditions.
  • Assess the risks and benefits of therapies for allergic and immunologic disorders.
  • Coordinate the care of patients with other health care professionals or support staff.
  • Develop individualized treatment plans for patients, considering patient preferences, clinical data, or the risks and benefits of therapies.
  • Educate patients about diagnoses, prognoses, or treatments.
  • Interpret diagnostic test results to make appropriate differential diagnoses.
  • Order or perform diagnostic tests such as skin pricks and intradermal, patch, or delayed hypersensitivity tests.
  • Conduct physical examinations of patients.
  • Prescribe medication such as antihistamines, antibiotics, and nasal, oral, topical, or inhaled glucocorticosteroids.
  • Provide allergy or immunology consultation or education to physicians or other health care providers.
  • Document patients' medical histories.
  • Conduct laboratory or clinical research on allergy or immunology topics.
  • Engage in self-directed learning and continuing education activities.
  • Present research findings at national meetings or in peer-reviewed journals.
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